HHP Summit 2017

Studies

Vote of Confidence for ‘LNOx+RNG’

July 5, 2016 in Biofuels, Biomethane, Studies, Technology, transit by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Combination of RNG/Renewable Natural Gas and NZ Engine
To Meet Goals Faster and Cheaper than Batteries or Hydrogen

The super low-NOX engine from Cummins Westport, powered by RNG/renewable natural gas, will allow California to meet its goal of zero-emission transmit buses more quickly and for less money that it will with battery electric or hydrogen fuel cell buses, says a new analysis.
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RNG at UPS Furthers ‘Circular Economy’

March 31, 2016 in Biomethane, Companies, NGVs, Publications, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Biomethane Helps Further Sustainable System of Commerce:
‘A Fundamental Rethinking of Products, Materials and Systems’

The increasing use of RNG/renewable natural gas, aka biomethane, by UPS is a sterling example of “circular” economics as distinguished from the traditional, “linear” business operating model of “make, use and dispose.” updated April 5

“In the evolving circular model, we strive to keep resources in use for as long as possible, extract the maximum value from them while in use, then recover and regenerate products and materials at the end of each service life,” states The Growth of the Circular Economy: A 2016 UPS/GreenBiz Research Study. “To be successful, this model will require a fundamental rethinking of products, materials and systems of commerce.”

‘RNG provides a two-for-one solution to greenhouse gas emissions,’ says a the GreenBiz study – it replaces conventional fuels and prevents methane emissions. ‘Using RNG demonstrates UPS's commitment to develop alternative fuels and advanced technologies,’ the study found.

‘RNG provides a two-for-one solution to greenhouse gas emissions,’ says a the GreenBiz study – it replaces conventional fuels and prevents methane emissions. ‘Using RNG demonstrates UPS’s commitment to develop alternative fuels and advanced technologies,’ the study found.

UPS and Oakland, Calif.-based GreenBiz collaborated on a survey of more than 5,000 sustainability executives and analyzed the results from 423 respondents “to identify trends that will help define success for this developing system of commerce.”

Bringing It All Back Home

“Nearly nine out of 10 (86%) of sustainability executives surveyed believe that circular economy will be important to their business two years from now, nearly double from two years ago,” states a UPS summary.

The GreenBiz analysis found that, “As a transportation and logistics company, UPS facilitates the circular economy by providing more efficient and sustainable solutions to help reclaim and refurbish products at the end of their useful life.”

‘Seamless Take-Back’ via ‘Reverse Logistics Processes’

“We use our expertise in logistics to help enable and facilitate the circular economy,” said UPS senior director of global sustainability Ed Rogers. “Focusing on ‘first mile’ logistics is crucial to helping businesses implement a cost-effective circular economy.

“UPS partners with customers to implement seamless take-back systems that include turnkey packaging, pickup services and pre-paid return labels,” he said. “Taken together, all of these assist in the reverse logistics processes needed for a successful circular economy.”


An Ubiquitous Fuel

When it comes to UPS’s own operations, a key circular solution is RNG/biomethane: “Nearly every landfill, agriculture operation, and manufacturing and waste plant generates methane – it is among the most abundant forms of fuel on the planet,” GreenBiz notes. “By using RNG, UPS is taking methane that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere as a greenhouse gas and converting it into a fuel to power its trucks.”

“RNG provides a two-for-one solution to greenhouse gas emissions: it replaces conventional fuel (and its carbon emissions) that UPS would otherwise use, and also prevents methane from being released into the atmosphere, where it is more than 21 times more harmful than carbon dioxide.”

UPS recently expanded its use of biomethane to Texas (F&F, February 10).

UPS Global Fleet Maintenance and Engineering president Carlton Rose was named last week as a keynote speaker at the Advanced Clean Transportation (ACT) Expo, which takes place May 2-5 in Long Beach, Calif. (F&F, March 25). He’s to appear at the conference session session on Tuesday, May 3.


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Source: GreenBiz with Fleets & Fuels follow-up

UCS Says EVs Clearly Win on Emissions

November 18, 2015 in Alternative Fuels, batteries, EVs, Research, Studies, Technology by Jon LeSage  |  No Comments

New Study Finds That While EVs Are Better in Some Places than Others
They Are Far Better Than Gasoline Vehicle Emissions-Wise Everywhere

Electric vehicle hold great potential for contributing to reductions in global warming emissions, according to a new study by the Union of Concerned Scientists. “Cleaner Cars from Cradle to Grave” compares battery electric vehicles with similar gasoline-engine vehicles over their entire lifecycles, from raw materials used in manufacturing, driving the vehicle, and disposal or recycling. UCS sees the potential of electric vehicles helping to reduce emissions substantially through growth in a clean electricity grid powered by more renewable energy.
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UK to Test Dynamic Wireless EV Charging

August 18, 2015 in Electric Drive, EVs, EVSE, Studies, Technology by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

DWPT Trials This Year Are Said to Be the First of Their Kind

The UK’s Highways England organization is evaluating equipment suppliers for the first-ever tests of DWPT – dynamic wireless power transfer – for electric vehicles. The technology may someday allow both consumer and commercial EVs to charge wirelessly as they are driven, allowing them to travel long distances without needing to stop.

‘The off road trials of wireless power technology will help to create a more sustainable road network for England and open up new opportunities for businesses that transport goods across the country,’ says Highways England.

‘The off road trials of wireless power technology will help to create a more sustainable road network for England and open up new opportunities for businesses that transport goods across the country,’ says Highways England.

The current procurement follows the recent completion of a 252-page feasibility study.

“We are investigating how we can grow the electric vehicle charging infrastructure,” Highways England chief highways engineer Mike Wilson says in an introduction to the TRL/Halcrow (Transportation Research Laboratories) report.

‘A More Sustainable Road Network’

“We’re committed to supporting the growth of ultra-low emissions vehicles on our England’s motorways and major A roads,” Wilson says in an announcement this week about the impending trials. “The off-road trials of wireless power technology will help to create a more sustainable road network for England and open up new opportunities for businesses that transport goods across the country.”

The trials are expected to begin later this year. They will involve fitting vehicles with wireless technology and testing the equipment, installed underneath the road, to replicate motorway conditions.

Highays near power lines are likely to see the first use of DWPT for EV charging.

Highways near power lines are likely to see the first use of DWPT for EV charging.

More to Come

The current initiative, Highways England says, represents the first stage in a much larger program of work. UK Transport Minister Andrew Jones said in the announcement that it’s part of a five-year £500 million ($783 million U.S. at current rates) effort to keep Britain at the forefront of low emission vehicles technology.

TRL/Halcrow researchers investigated 17 providers of wireless power transfer technology, “eight of which has a dynamic capability.”


They evaluated EVs including the Nissan Leaf, BMW i3, Tesla Model S, Renault Zoe and Mitsubishi i-MiEV for their DWPT suitability.

The basics of a DWPT/dynamic wireless power transfer system .. TRL image

The basics of a DWPT/dynamic wireless power transfer system .. TRL/Halcrow image


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Source: Highways England with Fleets & Fuels follow-up

Wireless EV Charge: Commercial in 2017?

August 11, 2015 in Electric Drive, EVs, Studies, WEVC by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Luxury Market First, Then the Mass Market, Says Strategy Analytics,
Which Suggests that Wireless Charging Could Be ‘Dominant’ by 2028

Wireless electric vehicle charging, with its promise of game-changing convenience, could be commercial as soon as 2017, with luxury EVs preceding the mass market, says a new study by Strategy Analytics.
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EVs for Cleaner Air? Location, Location…

July 1, 2015 in EVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Study Points Up Areas Where Battery Cars May Actually Do Harm

The clean air benefits of electric vehicles depend heavily on the source of the electricity used to charge their batteries, says a study just released by the National Bureau of Economic Research. California and the west fare far better than coal-dependent states to the east, the study finds, where EVs can actually be a drag on the environment.

“We find considerable variation in the environmental benefit,” states an NBER summary of the paper by economists Stephen Holland, Erin Mansur, Nicholas Muller, and Andrew Yates.

Their analysis employed “a fine-grained, county-level measure of U.S. vehicle emissions traced to tailpipes and electricity grids,” according to an excellent report on the NBER study by Eric Jaffe on citylab.com (a service of the Atlantic Monthly Group).

The electricity has to come from somewhere.

The electricity has to come from somewhere.

11 EV Models Evaluated Versus Gasoline

“The benefits are substantially different depending on where you are in the country,” co-author Stephen Holland of the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, says in the CityLab report. “The real big take-home message is: location, location, location.”

Jaffe described the study as “incredibly sophisticated,” noting that the researchers took actual energy consumption data from 11 EV models, as well as gasoline vehicle mileage figures and compared them apples-to-apples to the extent possible – the Ford Focus, for example, is available as both.

1,486 Power Plants

They considered the emissions from 1,486 power plants.


A key finding is that while EV purchase incentives are a good thing in places like Los Angeles, they are counter-productive in other parts of the country.

“There will be a niche for gasoline cars,” Holland told CityLab. “But our calculations show there are substantial benefits to electric vehicles in some places.”

The study, Environmental Benefits from Driving Electric Vehicles? may be ordered via the NBER website.

Eestimated clean air impacts of gasoline cars (left) and EVs (right) -- maps from NBER study via CityLab

Eestimated clean air impacts of gasoline cars (left) and EVs (right) — maps from NBER study via CityLab

Source: NBER and CityLab with Fleets & Fuels follow-up 

Report Calls for NGV Truck Caution

May 19, 2015 in CNG, LNG, NGVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Care Must Be Taken to Curb Methane Leaks, Says EDF

Natural gas-fueled trucks can provide an immediate greenhouse gas emissions and hence climate benefit – if care is taken to curb methane emissions both from the trucks themselves and more importantly from the supply chain, says a new report from the Environmental Defense Fund. Vehicle efficiency is important too, EDF says.

“Our range of results indicates that these fuel switches have the potential to produce climate benefits on all time frames, but combinations of significant well-to-wheels methane emissions reductions and natural gas vehicle efficiency improvements would be required,” states an abstract of Influence of Methane Emissions and Vehicle Efficiency on the Climate Implications of Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Trucks by EDF senior economic analyst Jonathan Camuzeaux and colleagues.

UPS pledged this month to operate certain of its over-the-road trucks in California on biomethane, aka RNG – renewable natural gas (F&F, May 5). RNG was not addressed in today’s EDF report. Agility Fuel Systems photo

UPS pledged this month to operate certain of its over-the-road trucks in California on biomethane, aka RNG – renewable natural gas – to the tune of about 1.5 million equivalent gallons per year (F&F, May 5). RNG was not addressed in today’s EDF report. Agility Fuel Systems photo

The study was released today in Environmental Science & Technology, a publication of ACS, the American Chemical Society.

‘Use Caution’

“Policymakers wishing to address climate change should use caution before promoting fuel switching to natural gas,” states the study. “Fleet owners and policymakers should continue to evaluate data.”

“The new study finds there are indeed pathways for heavy duty natural gas vehicles to achieve climate benefits, provided methane emissions across the value chain are reduced both upstream and at the vehicle level,” Camuzeaux said in a blog post this morning.

“Upstream emissions issues have to be addressed,” says another expert observer with ties to the environmental community. “This is not a controversial statement,” he told F&F in an email. “We all know that these improvements are necessary.”


‘Climate Benefits from Day One’

While the study warns of “damages to the climate for several decades” – up to 90 years for spark-ignition engines – “It is possible for natural gas trucks to provide climate benefits from day one,” says Jason Mathers, a senior manager in EDF’s corporate partners program.

EDF's Jonathan Camuzeaux

EDF’s Jonathan Camuzeaux

Three things are necessary: reduced emissions from the natural gas supply chain, reduced emissions from the trucks themselves (both including boiloff losses related to liquefied natural gas) and improved truck efficiency, he told F&F.

“The time to get ahead of this question is now, before this industry hits a major growth spurt,” Mathers says in an EDF blog post. “Reducing methane leaks upstream of the vehicles themselves will determine whether a shift in fuels will have a cost or a benefit for the climate.”

NGVAmerica Is Not Wholly Pleased

NGVAmerica noted today that it is working with EDF and academic partners on a soon-to-be published “Pump to Wheels Methane Leakage” study promising “to end speculation about actual in-use methane leaks from natural gas stations and vehicles.”

NGVAmerica also cited a Washington State University study finding that upgrades in metering and regulating stations, changes in pipeline materials, better instruments for detecting pipeline leaks and regulatory changes have led to methane emissions that are from 36% to 70% lower than earlier U.S. EPA estimates.

“It’s confusing that the Environmental Defense Fund has chosen to conduct and release another study, outside of the cooperative work already underway,” association president Matt Godlewski said in a statement today.


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Source: EDF with Fleets & Fuels follow-up

The ElecTruck Moves Closer to Market

May 19, 2015 in Companies, Electric Drive, EVs, milestones, money awarded, Studies, Technology by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

TransPower Says Dyno Tests Validate Per-Mile Savings & Durability
With ROI on 100% Battery Class 8s Seen at 150,000 to 200,000 Miles,
CEC Meanwhile Awards Nearly $9 Million for Three New Test Projects

Independent dynamometer testing indicates that the return on investment for 100% battery electric, full-size, Class 8 “ElecTruck” tractors can be achieved in as little as 150,000 to 200,000 miles, reports developer TransPower. That’s because even though the trucks cost far more to buy than diesel trucks, diesel fuel costs are completely eliminated.
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NGVAmerica’s NGV Market Snapshot

April 13, 2015 in CNG, Education, LNG, NGVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Presentation Was Made at the NTEA Green Truck Summit Last Month,
It’s Available to Association Members to Help Them Address ‘Oil Volatility’

NGVAmerica has made a new presentation available for members wishing to better address oil volatility issues. The slide deck includes current natural gas vehicle production and sales figures.
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CGI for V2G-Capable All-Battery Buses

July 23, 2014 in Electric Drive, EVs, Studies, Technology by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

TransPower Is to Build Six Demo Vehicles as Part of CEC-Backed
Clinton Global Initiative-America and National Strategies Program

The California Energy Commission is supporting a project led by Washington, D.C.-based National Strategies to build six battery electric school buses with vehicle-to-grid capability, and deploy them with three California school districts. The V2G-capable buses will be built by San Diego-based heavy duty electric drive specialist TransPower.

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Wyoming HHP Webinar on May 29

May 18, 2014 in Conference/Meeting, Education, LNG, Mining, Rail, Studies, webinar by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

First of a Series in Anticipation of October’s HHP Summit

Wyoming’s got the gas and it’s got the markets. If you’re interested in learning how the state is planning to use its natural gas to power its many mining, locomotive and energy exploration and production engines (not to mention over-the-road trucks), you’d do well to budget an hour for the first of series of High Horsepower Summit webinars hosted by Fleets & Fuels (and HHP Insight) publisher Gladstein, Neandross & Associates.
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Canada Could Gain from Marine LNG

April 8, 2014 in LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

‘British Columbia Uniquely Positioned for LNG Bunkering’

Canada’s West Coast can benefit from marine use of liquefied natural gas fuel, with payback for many applications in a little as six years, states a new report from organizations including the Canadian Natural Gas Vehicle Alliance.

'All of the technologies needed to use LNG as a marine fuel are proven and commercially available.'

‘All of the technologies needed to use LNG as a marine fuel are proven and commercially available.’

“All of the technologies needed to use LNG as a marine fuel are proven and commercially available,” states the 60-page Liquefied Natural Gas: A Marine Fuel for Canada’s West Coast.

The report notes that trucks using LNG will benefit if marine use stimulates the overall market.

Market Access Is the Key

“Canada has a tremendous natural gas resource advantage,” Alicia Milner, president of the Canadian Natural Gas Vehicle Alliance and chair of the project steering committee, says in a release.

“Allowing access for LNG in the marine sector is smart and strategic for Canada,” Milner said. “British Columbia is uniquely positioned to become a preferred North American destination for LNG bunkering, with Port Metro Vancouver well suited to be a leader in this regard.”

“The challenge for natural gas lies in gaining market access,” Milner says in the report. “Current Canadian regulations need to be adapted to accommodate the use of natural gas as a marine fuel, while codes, standards, regulations, personnel training, operating practices and procedures, and fuel supply infrastructure are all at various stages of development.

“There is a need to identify and apply what will work in Canada.”

In the near-term, coastal vessel operators have the best opportunity to benefit from LNG, the CNGVA-led report finds. For six coastal vessels analyzed, fuel costs were reduced by more than 50% with five of the ships having a payback on initial investment of less than six years.

Rebuild the Yards with LNG in Mind

Regulatory changes would benefit such specific deployments as the LNG dual fuel ferries that Victoria- and Vancouver-based BC Ferries wants to deploy by 2017.

The LNG report also found that the marine sector may emerge as an significant new market for natural gas produced in British Columbia. Under a “medium” LNG adoption scenario, the report finds that 150 LNG vessels operating on the West Coast by 2025 would create new demand equal to 8.5% of British Columbia’s 2012 natural gas use.

The report notes too that Canada’s government is investing “billions” to rebuild Canadian shipyard capabilities. “A small fraction of this investment could be designated to help shipyards pursue LNG conversions and new builds,” the report suggests, noting that LNG “could help Canada develop a sustainable niche in the global shipbuilding sector.”

The LNG report project was jointly funded by Transport Canada and industry, with participants including ABS/the American Bureau of Shipping, BC Ferries, the British Columbia Institute of Technology, the BC Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure-Pacific Gateway Branch, CAA, Encana, FortisBC, Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Lloyd’s Register, Port Metro Vancouver, Rolls-Royce, Seaspan, Shell, STX Canada Marine, Teekay and Wärtsilä.

CNGVA’s Milner is also the current chair of NGV Global, the world natural gas vehicles association.


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Source: CNGVA with Fleets & Fuels follow-up

AAA Quantifies EV Range in Cold, Heat

March 25, 2014 in EVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

EV Range Can Be Westher-Reduced by an Average of 57%, AAA Finds
With Dyno Tests on Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi iMiEV and Ford Focus EV

Electric vehicle range can be reduced by an average of 57% based on the temperature outside, says AAA, basing its findings on dynamometer research conduced at the AAA Automotive Research Center in Southern California. updated March 28

“Electric motors provide smooth operation, strong acceleration, require less maintenance than internal combustion engines, and for many motorists offer a cost effective option,” AAA engineering and repair managing director John Nielsen says in a release.

The weather can make a significant difference, and not just cold weather.

The weather can make a significant difference, and not just cold weather.

“However,” he said, “EV drivers need to carefully monitor driving range in hot and cold weather.”

AAA conducted a simulation to measure the driving range of Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi iMiEV and Ford Focus EV vehicles in cold, moderate and hot weather. “Temperature made a big difference in driving range for all three EVs,” the organization found.

Heat Hurts Too

Vehicles were tested for city driving to mimic stop-and-go traffic, and to better compare with EPA ratings listed on the window sticker, AAA says. The average EV battery range in AAA’s test was 105 miles at 75°F, but dropped 57% to 43 miles when the temperature was held steady at 20°F. Warm temperatures were less stressful on battery range, but still delivered a lower average of 69 miles per full charge at 95°F.

The AAA testing was conducted between December 2013 and January 2014. “Each vehicle completed a driving cycle for moderate, hot and cold climates following standard EPA-DoE test procedures,” AAA says – they were fully charged and then “driven” on a dynamometer in a climate-controlled room until the battery was fully exhausted.

AAA notes that it has initiated several projects to support members who drive EVs, including mobile recharging units and EV charging stations.


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Source: AAA with Fleets & Fuels follow-up

 

Canadian Winter? CNG Trucks Roll On

November 18, 2013 in CNG, NGVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

CNGVA Study Finds Issues Similar to Those of Diesels

Common sense precautions make for normal operations using CNG even in the severe cold winter weather of Canada, finds a new study being circulated by CNGVA, the Canadian Natural Gas Vehicle Alliance.
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MIT: 53,000 Deaths from Road Pollution

September 14, 2013 in Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

MIT: ‘Air Pollution Causes 200,000 Early Deaths Each Year in the U.S. …
‘It Was Surprising to Me Just How Significant Road Transportation Was’
Air pollution from road transportation causes some 53,000 premature deaths per year, states an MIT report, followed closely by power generation, with 52,000. Air pollution from all sources, including tracked ground-level emissions from industrial smokestacks, marine and rail operations, and commercial and residential heating, causes about 200,000 early deaths each year.

This is a synopsis of an article published by MIT’s Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment

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Strong World Growth Seen for NGVs

August 7, 2013 in LNG, NGVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Separate Reports Predict Robust Natural Gas Vehicles Growth

Two new reports indicate strong continued growth for natural gas vehicles, both in North America and China.
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New EV Market Outlook from EC

July 30, 2013 in Electric Drive, EVs, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Market for Battery Vehicles Is Surprisingly Robust,
With Electric Cars Faring Better than Initial Hybrids

Sales of PEVs – plug-in electric vehicles – are going far better than is often acknowledged, “with combined purchases of models like the Nissan Leaf, GM Volt and Tesla Model S during their first 30 months on the market more than doubling the pace set by conventional hybrids when those vehicles made their U.S. debut in 2000,” the Washington, D.C.-based Electrification Coalition says in a new report prepared with PricewaterhouseCoopers.
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